DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MongoDB vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts relational DBMSOne of the most popular document storesWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1072.19
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score408.07
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score478.89
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mongodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftMongoDB, IncPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release198920091989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseSQL Server 2017, October 20174.0.8, March 201911.3, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database in minutes.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageC++C++C
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsOLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONnative C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScriptuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerMongoDBPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsMongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Competitive advantagesBy offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Market metrics40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation's GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
» more

Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more
Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Navicat for MongoDB gives you a highly effective GUI interface for MongoDB database management, administration and development.
» more

Studio 3T: The world's favorite IDE for working with MongoDB
» more

ScaleGrid: Deploy, monitor, backup and scale MongoDB in the cloud with the #1 Database-as-a-Service (DBaaS) platform.
» more

DBHawk: Powerful web-based MongoDB GUI. Connect securely to on-premise MongoDB or MongoDB on the Cloud, Atlas or mLab.
» more

Knowi: Build MongoDB Reports and Data Visualizations in Minutes with Native Integration
» more
Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMongoDBPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
1 September 2016, Paul Andlinger

Oracle is the DBMS of the Year
5 January 2016, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PGCon 2019, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 28-31 May 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

dbForge DevOps Automation for SQL Server – A New Approach to Database Development
23 May 2019, EIN News

Latest Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio 18 Now Available
29 April 2019, eWeek

Check SQL Server Query Store performance impact before using
20 May 2019, TechTarget

Cornerstone Technologies, a Sonasoft (SSFT) Company, Awarded Contract Worth Nearly $270000 from Fortune 600 Tech Company for Microsoft SQL Server Upgrade & Replication Services
23 May 2019, GlobeNewswire

How to Eliminate Gaps in Identity Values in SQL Server by Disabling the Identity Cache
20 May 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

6 keys to MongoDB database security
22 May 2019, InfoWorld

Over 12,000 MongoDB Databases Deleted by Unistellar Attackers
17 May 2019, BleepingComputer

MongoDB to acquire open-source mobile database Realm for $39 million
24 April 2019, TechCrunch

12,000+ unsecured MongoDB databases deleted by Unistellar attackers
21 May 2019, Security Boulevard

MongoDB, Inc. Announces Date of First Quarter Fiscal 2020 Earnings Call
22 May 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL 12 Beta Released With Performance Improvements
23 May 2019, Phoronix

The Latest Azure Database Updates: After Build, Microsoft makes PostgreSQL, CosmosDB, MongoDB and Database Edge announcements
23 May 2019, MSDynamicsWorld.com

Crunchy Data Announces Red Hat OpenShift Operator Certification Of Crunchy PostgreSQL For Kubernetes 4.0
8 May 2019, PRNewswire

Tim Berners-Lee to Deliver Keynote at Postgres Vision 2019
23 May 2019, PRNewswire

Oracle SQL: postGreSQL GENERATE_SERIES
17 May 2019, Toolbox

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Developer I
Grand Canyon Education, Phoenix, AZ

Database Administrator
Richland County Government, Columbia, SC

Database Administrator
Metro IT Resources, Puerto Rico

Database Developer / Administrator
Atos, Indiana

Senior Database Engineer
Calabrio, Minneapolis, MN

Steam Database Administrator
Valve Software, Bellevue, WA

Staff Database Engineer
Visa, Denver, CO

Database Administrator
NewWave Telecom & Technologies, Remote

NoSQL Database Administrator
Rackspace, Remote

Database Administrator
WebMD, New York, NY

Database Administrator/ETL Developer
Acuity Systems, Herndon, VA

Traveling Database Administrator
Praxis Engineering, Tysons Corner, VA

Database Administrator - Kontxt
RealNetworks, New York, NY

Database Developer/Administrator
CACI, Suitland, MD

Database Engineer - PostgreSQL
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

RavenDB logo

Runs on Windows, Linux, Raspberry Pi. Easy to Operate, Fast Performance.
APIs for JS, .NET, Python.
Take a Free Download

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here