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DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MonetDB vs. MySQL vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MonetDB vs. MySQL vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMSTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.88
Rank#125  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Score1206.05
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.45
Rank#245  Overall
#115  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.monetdb.orgwww.mysql.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationdev.mysql.com/­doctrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperMicrosoftMonetDB BVOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release1989200419952014
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019Jul2021-SP2, July 20218.0.27, October 20212.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++CC and C++C++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes, in SQL, C, Ryes infoproprietary syntaxJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyesyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding via remote tableshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerMonetDBMySQLTrafodion
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMonetDBMySQLTrafodion
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