DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft SQL Server vs. MonetDB vs. MySQL vs. Spark SQL vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Microsoft SQL Server vs. MonetDB vs. MySQL vs. Spark SQL vs. Trafodion

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMonetDB  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA relational database management system that stores data in columnsWidely used open source RDBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score954.29
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.97
Rank#126  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Score1211.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score23.33
Rank#33  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.46
Rank#243  Overall
#116  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.monetdb.orgwww.mysql.comspark.apache.org/­sqltrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.monetdb.org/­Documentationdev.mysql.com/­docspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmltrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperMicrosoftMonetDB BVOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software FoundationApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release19892004199520142014
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019Oct2020-SP2, January 20218.0.27, October 20213.2.0, October 20212.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoMozilla Public License 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++CC and C++ScalaC++, Java
Server operating systemsLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoSQL 2003 with some extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
native C library infoMAPI library (MonetDB application programming interface)
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
Python
R
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes, in SQL, C, Ryes infoproprietary syntaxnoJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyesyesyesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding via remote tableshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricyes, utilizing Spark CoreSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionnone infoSource-replica replication available in experimental statusMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneyes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesnono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft SQL ServerMonetDBMySQLSpark SQLTrafodion
Specific characteristicsColumn-store In-memory optimized GeoSpatial support JSON document support
» more
Competitive advantagesScalable architecture - vertical data organization and in-memory optimization guarantee...
» more
Typical application scenariosAnalytical database, Data warehouse, OLAP Data mining Scientific database
» more
Key customersNumascale , Spinque , SecurActive , CHS , NOZHUP
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsFree and open-source software, Mozilla Public License 2.0 Commercial support available
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more
ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more
SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft SQL ServerMonetDBMySQLSpark SQLTrafodion
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Introducing SQL Server 2022: Top 3 New Features Announced at Microsoft Ignite
2 November 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft SQL Server 2017 Connector Comes to Google Data Studio
5 November 2021, CMSWire

Clumio extends protection to SQL Server on Amazon EC2
10 November 2021, TechTarget

Clumio Protect Expands to Microsoft SQL Server
23 November 2021, CRN

Red Hat 8.5 released with SQL Server and .NET 6 ... this is Linux, right?
11 November 2021, The Register

provided by Google News

MonetDB Solutions secures investment from ServiceNow — CWI Amsterdam
1 October 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Tracing Stars with MonetDB in the Cloud
10 August 2015, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

Database consulting company MonetDB Solutions newest spin-off CWI
21 November 2013, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

CWI spin-off MonetDB Solutions teams up with Numascale
3 February 2015, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

CWI research collaboration leads to 100 million euro investment in Amsterdam — CWI Amsterdam
6 November 2019, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI)

provided by Google News

PlanetScale Scalable Serverless MySQL Database Now Generally Available
23 November 2021, Database Trends and Applications

How to install MySQL 8.0 Server on Debian 11 Bullseye
26 November 2021, Linux Shout

Microsoft Announces the General Availability of Azure Database for MySQL - Flexible Server
5 November 2021, InfoQ.com

PlanetScale Introduces Managed Cloud to Scale MySQL Databases
11 November 2021, InfoQ.com

MySQL Database Compare Tools Overview: ApexSQL Data Diff vs dbForge Data Compare
8 November 2021, JAXenter

provided by Google News

Apache Spark Brings Pandas API with Version 3.2
4 November 2021, InfoQ.com

Compare Hadoop vs. Spark vs. Kafka for your big data strategy
15 November 2021, TechTarget

Spark Gets Closer Hooks to Pandas, SQL with Version 3.2
26 October 2021, Datanami

2015 - Spark Takes the Big Data World by Storm
1 July 2021, Datanami

Microsoft : Accelerate big data analytics with Spark 3.0 connector for SQL Server—now generally available
13 July 2021, marketscreener.com

provided by Google News

Apache Trafodion becomes Top-Level Project
10 January 2018, SDTimes.com

The Apache® Software Foundation Announces Annual Report for
31 August 2021, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Developer - Telecommute
UnitedHealth Group, Minnetonka, MN

SQL Server Developer
Software Labs, Flushing, NY

SQL Server Developer & Architect
AT&T, Atlanta, GA

SQL Server DBA
Allstate, Northbrook, IL

Service Desk Analyst - Opportunity for Working Remotely Austin, TX
VMware, Austin, TX

Software Engineer (18279-1)
CORE, Tulsa, OK

Sr. Software Developer - 18279-1
Infinite Computing Systems, Tulsa, OK

Customer Support Engineer
Liferay, Inc., Remote

QA Testing
Konviere Corporation, Orlando, FL

Junior Analyst
iSpot.tv, Inc., Bellevue, WA

48338
Zachary Piper Solutions LLC, Remote

Loss Prevention Specialist
Amazon.com Services LLC, Henderson, NV

Data Engineer
Northwell health, New Hyde Park, NY

Spark Developer
TCS, Sunnyvale, CA

Data Scientist
Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI

Date posted: 12-Jan-2021
NerdPine, Hillsboro, OR

hadoop developer (100% Remote)
Denken Solutions Inc, Irvine, CA

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here