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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Snowflake vs. Spark SQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Snowflake vs. Spark SQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.98
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score71.03
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score22.97
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.snowflake.comspark.apache.org/­sql
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.Apache Software Foundation
Initial release201620142014
Current release3.2.0, October 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Scala
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
PHP
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLuser defined functionsno
Triggersnono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningyesyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationno

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSnowflakeSpark SQL
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