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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL vs. Splunk

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL vs. Splunk

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSplunk  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLAnalytics Platform for Big Data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score17.98
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score608.21
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score94.32
Rank#13  Overall
#2  Search engines
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.orgwww.splunk.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.splunk.com/­Documentation/­Splunk
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSplunk Inc.
Initial release20161989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2003
Current release14.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infoLimited free edition and free developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno infoSplunk Search Processing Language for search commands
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP REST
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoA 'Transaction' in Splunk has a different meaning: grouping related events into a single one for later searching
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostgreSQLSplunk
DB-Engines blog posts

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15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

The route to success? Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics and Power BI
9 November 2021, Technology Record

Gluent Allows Customers to Migrate to Azure Synapse Analytics Faster Than Ever with the Release of Gluent Data Platform 4.3
21 November 2021, PR Web

Key Microsoft Azure News from Ignite
3 November 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft open-sources SynapseML for developing AI pipelines
17 November 2021, VentureBeat

Informatica unveils program to launch Modern Cloud Analytics on Azure
17 November 2021, Cloud Tech

provided by Google News

How to Build Your Backend with Hasura and PostgreSQL
30 November 2021, SitePoint

Postgres Build 2021 Conference to Feature Leading PostgreSQL Experts
18 November 2021, Business Wire

Flexible Server for Azure Database for PostgreSQL Now Commercially Available
1 December 2021, Redmondmag.com

Yugabyte Meets Developer Demand for Comprehensive PostgreSQL Compatibility with YugabyteDB 2.11
23 November 2021, The Bakersfield Californian

Move Over To PostgreSQL With Babelfish and MangoDB
16 November 2021, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

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