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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL vs. Splunk vs. SQL.JS

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL vs. Splunk vs. SQL.JS

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSplunk  Xexclude from comparisonSQL.JS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLAnalytics Platform for Big DataPort of SQLite to JavaScript
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Search engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score615.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score96.35
Rank#13  Overall
#2  Search engines
Score1.09
Rank#170  Overall
#81  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.orgwww.splunk.comsql.js.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.org/­docsdocs.splunk.com/­Documentation/­Splunksql.js.org/­documentation/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSplunk Inc.Alon Zakai infoenhancements implemented by others
Initial release20161989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL20032012
Current release14.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infoLimited free edition and free developer edition availableOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++CJavaScript
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
server-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno infoSplunk Search Processing Language for search commandsyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
HTTP RESTJavaScript API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C#
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yesno
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replicationnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistencynone
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno infoA 'Transaction' in Splunk has a different meaning: grouping related events into a single one for later searchingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesno infoexcept by serializing a db to a file
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesno

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostgreSQLSplunkSQL.JS
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