DB-EnginesInfluxDB: Focus on building software with an easy-to-use serverless, scalable time series platformEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > etcd vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison etcd vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
Nameetcd  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed reliable key-value storeElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score10.88
Rank#47  Overall
#5  Key-value stores
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score615.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websiteetcd.io
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd
azure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationetcd.io/­docs
github.com/­etcd-io/­etcd/­tree/­master/­Documentation
docs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticswww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSybase, SAP
Initial release20161989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1993
Current release3.4, August 201914.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageGoC++C
Server operating systemsFreeBSD
Linux
Windows infoexperimental
hostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or datenoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.no
Secondary indexesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsgRPC
JSON over HTTP
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Tcl
C#
Java
PHP
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersyes, watching key changesnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.yesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesEDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
etcdMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehousePostgreSQLSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Recent citations in the news

Clastix Launches Kamaji, a New Open Source Tool for Managed Kubernetes Service
16 May 2022, DevOps.com

How to restore a Kubernetes cluster from an etcd snapshot
16 December 2021, TechTarget

Deleting Production in a Few Easy Steps (and How to Fix It)
13 May 2022, thenewstack.io

How Does HashiCorp Vault Work with Kubernetes Secrets?
17 May 2022, thenewstack.io

All about performance: etcd 3.5 looks to make Kubernetes users happy • DEVCLASS
17 June 2021, DevClass

provided by Google News

Microsoft Releases Security Advisory for Azure Data Factory and Azure Synapse Pipelines | CISA
10 May 2022, US-CERT

Microsoft launches deeper integrations between its data products
24 May 2022, TechCrunch

Microsoft Build empowering the developer community
26 May 2022, Tech Wire Asia

Datometry Hyper-Q Modernizes Logistics Data
25 May 2022, CDOTrends

Sponsored post: Consumers demand personalization. A unified data platform can help.
19 May 2022, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Google Cloud launches AlloyDB, a new fully managed PostgreSQL database service
11 May 2022, TechCrunch

PostgreSQL 15 Beta Released
23 May 2022, iProgrammer

Review: YugabyteDB does PostgreSQL proud
16 May 2022, InfoWorld

Why Run Postgres in Kubernetes?
5 May 2022, Container Journal

Microsoft fixes cross-account vulns in Azure Database for PostgreSQL service
28 April 2022, The Register

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Application Engineer I
Paradyme Management, Washington, DC

Staff/Principal Systems Engineer
EasyPost, Remote

Hub Submission Manager
Raise in partnership with Genpact, United States

SDWAN Solutions Architect (MIST AIDE)
Juniper Networks, Sunnyvale, CA

AB-000060 Apprentice Engineer
Business Transformation Institute, Columbia, MD

Azure Data Engineer
Agama Solutions, Houston, TX

Azure admin
Cognizant, Pleasanton, CA

Senior Data Engineer
CPSI, Remote

Azure Consultant
Deloitte, Parsippany, NJ

Azure Administrator / Data Engineer
Agama Solutions, Las Vegas, NV

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
XTIVIA, Remote

Software Engineer
JetInsight, San Mateo, CA

Fullstack JavaScript Engineer
Exodus, Remote

Python Developer
Vujade, Princeton, NJ

SQL Developer
Highbrow-Tech, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Vertica logo

Vertica Accelerator. The fastest analytics and machine learning, delivered as SaaS, with automated setup, administration, and management. Free trial.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here