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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Teradata Aster

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. Teradata Aster

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata Aster  Xexclude from comparison
Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesPlatform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score21.33
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score4.84
Rank#81  Overall
#15  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#43  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleTeradata
Initial release201620112005
Current release22.1, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Solaris SPARC/x86
Linux
Data schemeyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.Flexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) infodefined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infoin Aster File Store
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
PHP
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLnoR packages
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureyes infoDimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnowith Hadoop integrationyes infoSQL Map-Reduce Framework
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infooff heap cacheno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseOracle NoSQLTeradata Aster
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