DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. Teradata Aster
System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. Teradata Aster
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics previously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse Xexclude from comparison||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||SAP SQL Anywhere formerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere Xexclude from comparison||Teradata Aster Xexclude from comparison|
|Teradata Aster has been integrated into other Teradata systems and therefore will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.|
|Description||Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server||Widely used open source RDBMS||RDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments||Platform for big data analytics on multistructured data sources and types|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Microsoft||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||SAP formerly Sybase||Teradata|
|Current release||8.0.32, January 2023||17, July 2015|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||commercial||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C++||C and C++|
|Server operating systems||hosted||FreeBSD|
|Data scheme||yes||yes||yes||Flexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free) defined schema within the relational store; partial schema or schema free in the Aster File Store|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||yes||yes in Aster File Store|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes with proprietary extensions||yes||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Transact SQL||yes proprietary syntax||yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl||R packages|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding, horizontal partitioning||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||none||Sharding|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes||Multi-source replication|
|Source-replica replication Database mirroring||yes Dimension tables are replicated across all nodes in the cluster. The number of replicas for the file store can be configured.|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no||yes SQL Map-Reduce Framework|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/synapse-analytics/sql-data-warehouse/sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes||no|
|User concepts Access control||yes||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
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|Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics previously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse||MySQL||SAP SQL Anywhere formerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere||Teradata Aster|
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