DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB
System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. MySQL vs. NuoDB
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics previously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse Xexclude from comparison||MySQL Xexclude from comparison||NuoDB Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server||Widely used open source RDBMS||NuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactions|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS Key/Value like access via memcached API||Relational DBMS|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Microsoft||Oracle since 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun||NuoDB, Inc.|
|Current release||8.0.29, April 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||Open Source GPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available||commercial limited edition free|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||no||no|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Implementation language||C++||C and C++||C++|
|Server operating systems||hosted||FreeBSD|
|hosted Amazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes with proprietary extensions||yes|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
Proprietary native API
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Transact SQL||yes proprietary syntax||Java, SQL|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding, horizontal partitioning||horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric||data is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/written|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes||Multi-source replication|
|yes Managed transparently by NuoDB|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/synapse-analytics/sql-data-warehouse/sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints||yes not for MyISAM storage engine||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID not for MyISAM storage engine||ACID tunable commit protocol|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes table locks or row locks depending on storage engine||yes MVCC|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||yes Temporary table|
|User concepts Access control||yes||Users with fine-grained authorization concept no user groups or roles||Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Users|
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|Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics previously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse||MySQL||NuoDB|
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