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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TimescaleDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TimescaleDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTimescaleDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA time series DBMS optimized for fast ingest and complex queries, based on PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score3.72
Rank#89  Overall
#5  Time Series DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.timescale.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.timescale.com
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftTimescale
Initial release201619892017
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnumerics, strings, booleans, arrays, JSON blobs, geospatial dimensions, currencies, binary data, other complex data types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infofull PostgreSQL SQL syntax
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions, PL/pgSQL, PL/Tcl, PL/Perl, PL/Python, PL/Java, PL/PHP, PL/R, PL/Ruby, PL/Scheme, PL/Unix shell
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationyes, across time and space (hash partitioning) attributes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication with hot standby and reads on replicas info
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerTimescaleDB
Specific characteristicsTimescale is the creator of TimescaleDB , the first open-source relational database...
» more
Competitive advantagesTimescaleDB is purpose-built to scale and handle time-series data workloads and is...
» more
Typical application scenariosDevOps and Infrastructure Monitoring All monitoring data is time-series data. Efficiently...
» more
Key customersTransferWise, Maersk, AppDynamics, Walmart, Comcast, LaunchDarkly, IBM, NOV, Cisco,...
» more
Market metricsWith over 9,000 GitHub stars and growing, 600,000 active databases, and an active...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsTimescaleDB comes in 3 versions, including fully managed Cloud-hosted solutions*,...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerTimescaleDB
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