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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. Riak KV vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. Riak KV vs. Transbase

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument storeKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score3.25
Rank#96  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score6.09
Rank#64  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score0.08
Rank#310  Overall
#139  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverravendb.netriak.com/­products/­riak-kvwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverravendb.net/­docswww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftHibernating RhinosBasho TechnologiesTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release20161989201020091987
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20195.3, November 20212.1.0, April 2015Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editioncommercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C#ErlangC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
Linux
OS X
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like query language (RQL)noyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavayesJavaScript and Erlangyes
Triggersnoyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replicationselectable replication factorSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesnono infolinks between data sets can be storedyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction availablenoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundlenofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBRiak KVTransbase
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBRiak KVTransbase
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