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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle NoSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle NoSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSA multi-model, scalable, distributed NoSQL database, designed to provide highly reliable, flexible, and available data management across a configurable set of storage nodesRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score16.66
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score970.85
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score4.23
Rank#83  Overall
#14  Document stores
#13  Key-value stores
#45  Relational DBMS
Score5.83
Rank#62  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­nosql.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database/­other-databases/­nosql-database/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftOracleSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release2016198920111992
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201921.2, September 202117, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoProprietary for Enterprise Edition (Oracle Database EE license has Oracle NoSQL database EE covered: details)commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
Solaris SPARC/x86
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesSupport Fixed schema and Schema-less deployment with the ability to interoperate between them.yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesoptionalyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersnoyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionElectable source-replica replication per shard. Support distributed global deployment with Multi-region table featureSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonowith Hadoop integrationno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infodepending on configuration
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDconfigurable infoACID within a storage node (=shard)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infooff heap cacheyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle NoSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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