DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1262.82
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftOracle
Initial release201619891980
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQL Complete: An advanced IntelliSense-style code completion add-in for SSMS and Visual Studio. Write, beautify, refactor your SQL code and give your productivity a dramatic boost.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more
Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Microsoft launches deeper integrations between its data products
24 May 2022, TechCrunch

Microsoft Releases Security Advisory for Azure Data Factory and Azure Synapse Pipelines | CISA
10 May 2022, US-CERT

Microsoft announces new Azure capabilities around cloud-native apps, data analytics and hybrid cloud operations
24 May 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Microsoft Touts IntelliJ IDE from JetBrains for Azure Development
29 April 2022, Visual Studio Magazine

Sponsored post: Consumers demand personalization. A unified data platform can help.
19 May 2022, TechCrunch

provided by Google News

Google Needs Another Database To Attack Oracle, DB2, And SQL Server Directly
16 May 2022, The Next Platform

Microsoft warns over novel SQL Server attacks
18 May 2022, The Stack

SQL Server Monitoring Tools Market Size And Forecast | Solarwinds, Idera, Lepide, Heroix Longitude, SQL Power Tools, Red-Gate, Sentry One (SQL Sentry), dbForge Monitor by Devart, Navicat Monitor, Paessler PRTG – The Daily Vale
24 May 2022, The Daily Vale

Microsoft launches deeper integrations between its data products
24 May 2022, TechCrunch

How To Repair SQL Database Using Recovery Toolbox
24 May 2022, Tech Times

provided by Google News

Google Needs Another Database To Attack Oracle, DB2, And SQL Server Directly
16 May 2022, The Next Platform

CockroachDB update aims to ease creation of data-intensive applications
24 May 2022, VentureBeat

Oracle debuts array of new cybersecurity features for its cloud platform
24 May 2022, SiliconANGLE News

Rimini Street Provides Third Party Maintenance Services for Oracle Database to SK Networks
27 April 2022, businesswire.com

DSP-Explorer acquires leading Oracle Applications Managed Services Provider, Claremont, to further extend its data management capabilities
24 May 2022, Bdaily

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Azure DevOps Engineer
zettalogix.Inc, Remote

Senior DBA/Architect (SQL Server/Azure Synapse)
Dynamic Placement Services, LLC, Remote

Azure Data Engineer
Neal Analytics, Remote

Azure Data Engineer
Cloudtechnosoftllc, Remote

Senior AZURE ADMIN (Cloud) - AZURE PaaS / Databricks / Synapse / Presto DB
AMERICAN SOFTWARE LLC, Remote

SQL Server Developer
Go Intellects Inc, Washington, DC

Senior Database Administrator - SQL Server
Bonterra, Washington, DC

SQL Server DBA
NEXGEN TECHNOLOGIES INC., Remote

SQL Developer
HealthFund Solutions, Remote

SQL Server Developer
TAA Solutions LLC, Remote

Oracle Database Administrator - PL/SQL
Accenture, Remote

Oracle Database Administrator
Telus International, St. Louis, MO

Oracle Database Administrator
NEOGOV, El Segundo, CA

Database Administrator
Project Elevation Enterprise Global Corporation, Remote

Oracle Database Administrator
Anesthesia Business Consultants, Jackson, MI

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Present your product here