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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. NSDb vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. NSDb vs. Transbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSScalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score941.20
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#325  Overall
#147  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servernsdb.iowww.transaction.de/­en/­products/­transbase.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-servernsdb.io/­Architecturewww.transaction.de/­en/­products/­transbase/­features.html
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release2016198920171987
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 2019Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++Java, ScalaC and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesall fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
PHP
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Java
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanoyes
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesUsing Apache Luceneyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft SQL ServerNSDbTransbase
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