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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. RavenDB vs. Transbase

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Table Storage  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRavenDB  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerA Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasetsMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSOpen Source Operational and Transactional Enterprise NoSQL Document DatabaseA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSWide column storeRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score18.49
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score5.42
Rank#72  Overall
#5  Wide column stores
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score3.25
Rank#96  Overall
#16  Document stores
Score0.08
Rank#310  Overall
#139  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­storage/­tableswww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverravendb.netwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverravendb.net/­docswww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftMicrosoftHibernating RhinosTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release20162012198920101987
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 20195.3, November 2021Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoAGPL version 3, commercial license availablecommercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++C#C and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Raspberry Pi
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesSQL-like query language (RQL)yes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
.NET Client API
Java Client API
Python Client API
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesC#
Java
PHP
.Net
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayesyes
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoimplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes infoMapReduce functions can be defined in Linqno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsnoyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDoptimistic lockingACIDACID, Cluster-wide transaction availableyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights based on private key authentication or shared access signaturesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess control on document level using the Authorization Bundlefine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBTransbase
Specific characteristicsRavenDB is the pioneer NoSQL Document Database that is fully transactional (ACID)...
» more
Competitive advantagesRavenDB is easy to setup and secure. You can do it in a matter of minutes . Easy...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT for Edge Deployments Fraud Detection Recommendation Engines Product Catalogs...
» more
Key customersToyota, Capgemini, Vodafone, Medicaid, Asos, Nomura, RMS Automotive, MSNBC, Pluralsight,...
» more
Market metrics2 million+ downloads 1000+ customers including Fortune 500 large enterprises
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsRavenDB is available on-premise and in the cloud. RavenDB Cloud is available on AWS...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseMicrosoft Azure Table StorageMicrosoft SQL ServerRavenDBTransbase
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