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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Snowflake vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Snowflake vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
ToroDB seems to be discontinued. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataA MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score78.40
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score123.20
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­products/­azure-sql/­databasewww.snowflake.comgithub.com/­torodb/­server
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.8Kdata
Initial release201020142016
Current releaseV12
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemshostedhostedAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeyesyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)schema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno
Secondary indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLuser defined functions
Triggersyesno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableyesSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationAccess rights for users and roles

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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSnowflakeToroDB
DB-Engines blog posts

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Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
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Recent citations in the news

Copilot in Azure SQL Database in Private Preview
27 March 2024, InfoQ.com

Microsoft unveils Copilot for Azure SQL Database
27 March 2024, InfoWorld

Expand the limits of innovation with Azure data
21 March 2024, Microsoft

Azure SQL Database Empowers Developers with AI-Driven Applications
5 April 2024, WebProNews

Azure SQL Database takes Saturday off on US east coast following network power failure
18 September 2023, The Register

provided by Google News

Partnership Brings Cutting-Edge LLMs from Mistral AI Into Snowflake Data Cloud
12 April 2024, Acceleration Economy

Snowflake and Snap partner to integrate clean rooms with conversions API
9 April 2024, Digiday

MessageGears to operate with the Snowflake data cloud
9 April 2024, MarTech

Snapchat and Snowflake Join Forces for Enhanced Data Integration
10 April 2024, RetailWire

Exclusive: Snowflake to sync data cloud with Coda after fresh investment
10 April 2024, VentureBeat

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