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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. VelocityDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoningA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.41
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score54.97
Rank#18  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#162  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.07
Rank#298  Overall
#28  Graph DBMS
#15  Object oriented DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.comvelocitydb.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasehelp.sap.com/­hanawww.stardog.com/­docsvelocitydb.com/­UserGuide
DeveloperMicrosoftSAPStardog-UnionVelocityDB Inc
Initial release2010201020102011
Current releaseV122.0 SPS04, April 20196.2.3, July 20197.x
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoalso available as a cloud based servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++JavaC#
Server operating systemshostedAppliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Any that supports .NET
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesSPARQL is used as query languageno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
.Net
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLSQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlersCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableyesMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users and rolesBased on Windows Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSAP HANAStardogVelocityDB
Specific characteristicsStardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSAP HANAStardogVelocityDB
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