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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. RethinkDB vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. RethinkDB vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonRethinkDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerDBMS for the Web with a mechanism to push updated query results to applications in realtime.Cloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score78.40
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score2.84
Rank#106  Overall
#19  Document stores
Score123.20
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­products/­azure-sql/­databaserethinkdb.comwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlrethinkdb.com/­docsdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperMicrosoftThe Linux Foundation infosince July 2017Snowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201020092014
Current releaseV122.4.1, August 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, binary, float, bool, date, geometryyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C infocommunity-supported driver
C# infocommunity-supported driver
C++ infocommunity-supported driver
Clojure infocommunity-supported driver
Dart infocommunity-supported driver
Erlang infocommunity-supported driver
Go infocommunity-supported driver
Haskell infocommunity-supported driver
Java infoofficial driver
JavaScript (Node.js) infoofficial driver
Lisp infocommunity-supported driver
Lua infocommunity-supported driver
Objective-C infocommunity-supported driver
Perl infocommunity-supported driver
PHP infocommunity-supported driver
Python infoofficial driver
Ruby infoofficial driver
Scala infocommunity-supported driver
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLuser defined functions
TriggersyesClient-side triggers through changefeedsno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding inforange basedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDAtomic single-document operationsACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCC basedyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infousers and table-level permissionsUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureRethinkDBSnowflake
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