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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. openGemini vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. openGemini vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonopenGemini  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerAn open source distributed Time Series DBMS with high concurrency, high performance, and high scalabilityWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score76.75
Rank#16  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#354  Overall
#35  Time Series DBMS
Score638.91
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­products/­azure-sql/­databasewww.opengemini.org
github.com/­openGemini
www.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.opengemini.org/­guidewww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftHuawei and openGemini communityPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201020221989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseV121.1, July 202316.3, May 2024
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++GoC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesInteger, Float, Boolean, Stringyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesSQL-like query languageyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP RESTADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Rust
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAdministrators and common users accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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Related products and services
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for PostgreSQL and many other database management systems.
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Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL for developers with 70+ extensions and flexible orchestration tools.
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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureopenGeminiPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

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Conferences, events and webinars

PASS Data Community Summit
Seattle, Washington, 4-8 November 2024

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