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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. PostgreSQL vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. PostgreSQL vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLColumnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score83.25
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score608.21
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score20.57
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.postgresql.orgwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlwww.postgresql.org/­docswww.vertica.com/­docs/­10.0.x/­HTML/­Content/­Home.htm
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerVertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release20101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2005
Current releaseV1214.1, November 2021Vertica 10.0 Software, May 2020
Vertica for SQL on Hadoop 10.0 Software, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infoAvailable on all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesyes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyesno infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMulti-source replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzurePostgreSQLVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsColumnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosCommunication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAbiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
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Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
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CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
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EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzurePostgreSQLVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

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Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Recent citations in the news

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

Track and Record Data Changes with Change Data Capture (CDC) in Azure SQL - Microsoft
1 July 2021, Channel 9

AWS updates databases, AI and serverless offerings at re:Invent
3 December 2021, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

How to Build Your Backend with Hasura and PostgreSQL
30 November 2021, SitePoint

Postgres Build 2021 Conference to Feature Leading PostgreSQL Experts
18 November 2021, Business Wire

Flexible Server for Azure Database for PostgreSQL Now Commercially Available
1 December 2021, Redmondmag.com

Move Over To PostgreSQL With Babelfish and MangoDB
16 November 2021, iProgrammer

Yugabyte Meets Developer Demand for Comprehensive PostgreSQL Compatibility with YugabyteDB 2.11
23 November 2021, Valdosta Daily Times

provided by Google News

Vertica to Leverage NetApp StorageGRID to Deliver Cloud-Scale Analytics to On-Premises Environments
10 November 2021, PRNewswire

Vertica Announces Vertica 11, Delivering on Vision of Unified Analytics
20 July 2021, PRNewswire

Vertica Accelerator is Now Available on AWS
28 September 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Vertica Announces Early Access of Vertica Eon Accelerator and Acquisition of Full360
16 June 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Vertica and TCS Announce Strategic Partnership to Accelerate Enterprise Data Warehouse Modernization Initia...
19 May 2021, DevOps.com

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Azure SQL Database Administrator
General Motors, Austin, TX

SQL Database Administrator
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Support Engineer - Azure SQL Database
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Research Analysis Spec
State of Minnesota, Saint Cloud, MN

Researcher – Data Platforms and Analytics – Microsoft Research
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Production Support Anaylst
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Database Administrator
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jobs by Indeed



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