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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. PostgreSQL

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft Azure SQL Database and PostgreSQL with MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server and Firebase Realtime Database.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.62
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score491.07
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasewww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseV1212.0, October 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • EDB Postgres Cloud Database Service: Postgres cloud database service on AWS with Superuser Access, Unlimited Extensions, Higher Scalability, More Tuning Power and Oracle Compatibility. Try free!
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzurePostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

Mark Russinovich on Azure SQL Database Edge, Hyperscale and beyond - Microsoft
31 October 2019, Channel 9

Microsoft debuts Azure Synapse Analytics, updates database offerings
4 November 2019, VentureBeat

Microsoft Ignite postmortem: Cutting through the complexity
11 November 2019, ZDNet

Azure Arc May Be the On-Prem Azure Answer for SMBs
6 November 2019, PCMag

Implementing SQL Server Integration Services with Azure Data Factory
4 November 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

Crunchy Data and ORock Technologies Partnership Brings Trusted Open Source Cloud Native PostgreSQL to Federal Government
13 November 2019, AiThority

Introducing PostgREST, a REST API for any PostgreSQL database written in Haskell
4 November 2019, Packt Hub

NoSQL Market 2019 Trend - Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Oracle Database
12 November 2019, News Adopt

Microsoft announces reserved capacity offerings for six more Azure services
14 November 2019, Neowin

Greenplum 6 review: Jack of all trades, master of some
7 November 2019, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

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