DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Our visitors often compare Microsoft Azure SQL Database and PostgreSQL with MySQL, Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB and Microsoft SQL Server.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score78.26
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score577.50
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release20101989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseV1213.4, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesFivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

ClusterControl: the only management system you’ll ever need to take control of your open source database infrastructure.
» more

EDB: Helping organizations get the most from PostgreSQL, Oracle Migration, High Availability, Security
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzurePostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Recent citations in the news

Best cloud databases of 2021
14 September 2021, ITProPortal

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Azure SQL Database Ranked Among Top 3 Databases of 2020
14 January 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

Setup Azure SQL Database to use with Azure Static Web Apps [Bonus] | Azure Tips and Tricks: Static Web Apps - Microsoft
25 June 2021, Channel 9

provided by Google News

Instaclustr Including PostgreSQL in Managed Data Platform - Now in Public Preview
19 September 2021, insideBIGDATA

Oracle to PostgreSQL? 6 Reasons to Make Your Open Source Migration
16 September 2021, insideBIGDATA

Amazon Aurora Supports PostgreSQL 13
5 September 2021, InfoQ.com

Instaclustr Adds PostgreSQL to Managed Platform in Public Preview
14 September 2021, Yahoo Finance

A Deep Dive Into PostgreSQL Indexes
10 September 2021, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Advisor Azure SQL Database Administrator (DBA)
Gainwell Technologies, Texas

SQL Database Developer
ShipBob Inc, Remote

SQL Database Administrator
Calportland, Las Vegas, NV

Software Engineer II, SQL Database team
Microsoft, Atlanta, GA

SQL DBA Administrator, Remote North America
Ciena, Baltimore, MD

Data Support Associate
IDEXX, Westbrook, ME

Support Engineer - MySQL/PostgreSQL/MariaDB
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Associate Software Engineer
Scholastic, New York, NY

Junior Readypipe Engineer I
Yipit Inc., New York, NY

PostgreSQL DBA
Luxoft, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Present your product here