DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Percona Server for MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Percona Server for MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonPercona Server for MySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerEnhanced drop-in replacement for MySQL based on XtraDB or TokuDB storage engines with improved performance and additional diagnostic and management features.Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Apache Age
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS infowith pgvector extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score82.73
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score2.87
Rank#116  Overall
#59  Relational DBMS
Score620.75
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­products/­azure-sql/­databasewww.percona.com/­software/­mysql-database/­percona-serverwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlwww.percona.com/­downloads/­Percona-Server-LATESTwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftPerconaPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201020081989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseV128.0.32-24, 202316.0, September 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemshostedLinuxFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodespartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
XtraDB Cluster
Source-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for PostgreSQL and many other database management systems.
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

Timescale: Calling all PostgreSQL users – the 2023 State of PostgreSQL survey is now open! Share your favorite extensions, preferred frameworks, community experiences, and more. Take the survey today!
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
» more

Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
» more

Redgate webinars: A series of key topics for new PostgreSQL users.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzurePercona Server for MySQLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2022, defending the title from last year
3 January 2023, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL 101: An introduction to Multi-Version Concurrency Control and Vacuum
Webinar with Q&A, 11am CT / 5pm BST, 24 October 2023

Recent citations in the news

Azure SQL Database takes Saturday off on US east coast following network power failure
18 September 2023, The Register

External REST Endpoint Invocation in SQL Azure Now Generally ...
31 August 2023, InfoQ.com

20 Services To Learn For Microsoft Azure
26 September 2023, Experts Exchange

Looking for database developer or other jobs requiring data skills? These certifications can help
25 September 2023, WRAL TechWire

SQL Server 2022 Administration Inside Out (Microsoft Press)
4 September 2023, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

26 Years Since its Inception, Postgres is Just Getting Started
20 September 2023, insideBIGDATA

Update or migrate? Planning for MySQL 5.7 EOL
22 June 2023, InfoWorld

How to deploy the Percona database performance monitor with ...
24 February 2023, TechRepublic

If you don't brush and floss, you're gonna get an abscess – same with MySQL updates
11 May 2023, The Register

MySQL Changes Versioning Model, Adds Innovation and LTS ...
12 August 2023, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

High Performance Functions in Rust on RDS PostgreSQL
25 September 2023, InfoQ.com

Understanding the Fundamentals of PostgreSQL® Architecture
25 September 2023, Datanami

pgEdge Now Supports pgvector, Introducing Similarity Search to ...
26 September 2023, Database Trends and Applications

PostgreSQL 16 Expands Analytics Capabilities
22 September 2023, The New Stack

Turn PostgreSQL Into A Vector Store
26 September 2023, iProgrammer

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SQL Server Database Administrator
Salt River Project, Phoenix, AZ

Sr. Database Administrator (Cloud Experience) - Remote AZ
Blue Cross Blue Shield of Arizona, Phoenix, AZ

Data Engineer
Community Health Network, Indianapolis, IN

Azure Data Engineer (Remote Option)
Partners Health Management, Gastonia, NC

Database Administrator
NYC Careers, Manhattan, NY

Python and PostgreSQL Developer | Coding Instructor - Online Eastern Timezone
Nucamp, Remote

Python and PostgreSQL Developer | Coding Instructor - Online Mountain Timezone
Nucamp, Remote

Python and PostgreSQL Developer | Coding Instructor - Online Pacific Timezone
Nucamp, Remote

Senior Node.js/PostgreSQL developer
Fortis, Texas

PostgreSQL DBA
i2vision, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Bring all your data to Generative AI applications with vector search enabled by the most scalable
vector database available.
Try for Free

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here