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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle Rdb vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle Rdb vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score31.41
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score1.01
Rank#152  Overall
#74  Relational DBMS
Score54.97
Rank#18  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#162  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­rdb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasehelp.sap.com/­hanawww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)SAPStardog-Union
Initial release2010198420102010
Current releaseV122.0 SPS04, April 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java
Server operating systemshostedHP Open VMSAppliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)yesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLSQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableyesMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDyes, on a single nodeACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOracle RdbSAP HANAStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOracle RdbSAP HANAStardog
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