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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used RDBMSSemantic graph DBMS, developed in Java
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.77
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score1285.55
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score0.75
Rank#167  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.oracle.com/­databasewww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasedocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasewww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleComplexible Inc.
Initial release201019802010
Current releaseV1219c, February 20194.2.4, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++Java
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeper
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOracleStardog
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOracleStardog
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