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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle vs. Spark SQL vs. Yaacomo

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle vs. Spark SQL vs. Yaacomo

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonYaacomo  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used RDBMSSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingOpenCL based in-memory RDBMS, designed for efficiently utilizing the hardware via parallel computing
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.42
Rank#16  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1238.25
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Score22.61
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score0.00
Rank#363  Overall
#155  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.oracle.com/­databasespark.apache.org/­sqlyaacomo.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.oracle.com/­en/­databasespark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.html
DeveloperMicrosoftOracleApache Software FoundationQ2WEB GmbH
Initial release2010198020142009
Current releaseV1219c, February 20193.3.0 ( 2.13), June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++Scala
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux
OS X
Windows
Android
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columnsyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Java
Python
R
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possibleno
Triggersyesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Corehorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQLno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterizednoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
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