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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Oracle

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft Azure SQL Database and Oracle with PostgreSQL, MySQL and Microsoft SQL Server.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
Spatial DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score78.26
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1271.55
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle
Initial release20101980
Current releaseV1219c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOracle
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Recent citations in the news

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Azure SQL Database Ranked Among Top 3 Databases of 2020
14 January 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

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