DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the mission critical dbmsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. OpenEdge vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. OpenEdge vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonOpenEdge  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerApplication development environment with integrated database management systemWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score86.18
Rank#16  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score4.50
Rank#84  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score618.00
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.progress.com/­openedgewww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocumentation.progress.com/­output/­ua/­OpenEdge_latestwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftProgress Software CorporationPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201019841989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseV12OpenEdge 12.2, March 202014.5, August 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL DBaaS hosting On-Premises and on clouds such as AWS, Azure, GCP and DigitalOcean with no vendor lock-in. Leverage any extension and get SSH access.
  • Aiven for PostgreSQL: Fully managed and hosted PostgreSQL® with 70+ extensions and orchestration tooling included.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infoclose to SQL 92yes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Progress proprietary ABL (Advanced Business Language).Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning infosince Version 11.4partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableSource-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers and groupsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiespgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

DbVisualizer is equipping database professionals with the tools they need to build, manage and maintain state-of-the-art database technologies. It has sky-high user satisfaction and is the preferred tool for database professionals around the world. Customers include Tesla, Apple, Facebook, Deutsche Bank, NASA, and 25,000 others in 145 countries.
» more

The State of PostgreSQL 2022 survey is now open!
» more

CYBERTEC is your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia, Poland, South Africa and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide and is here for you 24/7!
» more

Datasentinel: Platform for Monitoring and Analyzing the performance problems of your PostgreSQL Clusters
» more

Instaclustr: Fully Hosted & Managed PostgreSQL
» more

Percona: Database problems? Not on your watch.
Databases run better with Percona.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Fujitsu Enterprise Postgres: An Enterprise Grade PostgreSQL with the flexibility of a hybrid cloud solution combined with industry leading security, availability and performance.
» more

EDB: BigAnimal is fully-managed PostgreSQL in the cloud from the database fanatics at EDB.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Aiven for PostgreSQL: The familiar open source PostgreSQL® that you know and love, with no proprietary features or add-ons that will lock you in.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureOpenEdgePostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

The Inexorable Rise of PostgreSQL
24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

show all

Recent citations in the news

Datadog Extends Monitoring for Microsoft SQL Server and Microsoft Azure Database Platforms
16 August 2022, PR Newswire

SQL Server 2022 New Features
22 July 2022, Petri.com

Couldn't connect to West Europe SQL Databases last week? Blame operator error
25 July 2022, The Register

SQL Server in Azure database choices and what they offer users
29 July 2019, TechTarget

Data Lake Governance & Security Issues
18 August 2022, IT Business Edge

provided by Google News

Progress Announces Quick Start for OpenEdge on Amazon Web Services (AWS)
16 February 2021, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Timescale Releases Third State of PostgreSQL Report
29 July 2022, PR Newswire

Senior Database Administrator (DBA) – PostgreSQL - Relocation to Germany
18 August 2022, EPAM

How to Work With a PostgreSQL Database Using psql Commands - MUO
20 July 2022, MakeUseOf

More tenants, more vulnerabilities
16 August 2022, Protocol

Install PostgreSQL pgAdmin 4 on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Linux
4 August 2022, Linux Shout

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Database Administrator
Exeter Finance LLC, Irving, TX

Data Modeler
DSMH LLC, Peoria, IL

DevOps Engineer(Azure experience)
Place, Remote

Advisor Azure SQL Database Administrator (DBA)
Gainwell Technologies, Texas

Sr. SQL Server DBA
CorVel Corporation, Remote

Programmer Analyst (Full-Time On-Site)
Schonbek, Plattsburgh, NY

PostgreSQL Database Administrator
Xtivia Inc, Remote

PostgreSQL DBA
Career Soft Solutions, Jersey City, NJ

PostgreSQL Consultant
OmniTI, New York, NY

PostgreSQL Apps DBA
Career Soft Solutions, Jersey City, NJ

PostgreSQL DBA/Developer*
Virtual Service Operations, Remote

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

The definitive guide for Cassandra

Imagine What You Could Do if Scalability Wasn‘t a Problem!
Download the Cassandra e-book for free!

Redis logo

The world’s most loved real‑time data platform.
Try free

Present your product here