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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score85.33
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score0.97
Rank#179  Overall
#87  Relational DBMS
Score615.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasenuodb.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldoc.nuodb.comwww.postgresql.org/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftNuoDB, Inc.PostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201020131989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseV1214.3, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C++C
Server operating systemshostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLJava, SQLuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesdata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary tableno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative Usersfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDBPostgreSQL
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Recent citations in the news

Manage Red Hat workloads seamlessly on Azure | Azure Blog and Updates
10 May 2022, Microsoft

SQL Server in Azure database choices and what they offer users
29 July 2019, TechTarget

How Microsoft made Azure SQL more available by making recovery faster
2 February 2022, TechRepublic

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB, a Cloud-Native Distributed SQL Database Leader
25 November 2020, Business Wire

Global Database Automation Market 2022 by Keyplayers and Vendors: Oracle, Microsoft, Broadcom, BMC Software, Micro Focus, etc… – The Daily Vale
21 May 2022, The Daily Vale

NuoDB set to improve distributed SQL performance
7 January 2020, TechTarget

Dassault Systèmes Announces the Acquisition of NuoDB
3 December 2020, ARC Advisory Group

NuoDB 4.0 improves cloud-native database capabilities
31 July 2019, TechTarget

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21 May 2022, InfoQ.com

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