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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j vs. NuoDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j vs. NuoDB vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOpen source graph databaseNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelRelational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.54
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score48.22
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.99
Rank#142  Overall
#71  Relational DBMS
Score0.72
Rank#173  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseneo4j.comwww.nuodb.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databaseneo4j.com/­docsdoc.nuodb.comwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.NuoDB, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release2010200720132010
Current releaseV123.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaC++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and schema-optionalyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesnoyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, SQLuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyes infovia event handleryesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonedata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtennone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDBMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary tableyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Standard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4jNuoDBStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Horizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
NuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Operational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Dassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Fast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
Subscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4jNuoDBStardog
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