DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score28.79
Rank#24  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score1215.14
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score478.72
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasedev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201019951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseV128.0.15, February 201911.2, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C and C++C
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

Azure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
» more

ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
» more

Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
» more
Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMySQLPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

show all

MariaDB strengthens its position in the open source RDBMS market
5 April 2018, Matthias Gelbmann

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PGCon 2019, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 28-31 May 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Configuring Azure SQL Databases Using Azure Resource Manager Templates
27 March 2019, Database Journal

Google expands Windows support with managed SQL Server
11 April 2019, TechTarget

Google Cloud Next postmortem: Thomas Kurian wants the right people
15 April 2019, ZDNet

Latest Azure News: Power BI Embedded; Machine Learning for DevOps; Azure Stream Analytics; Service Fabric; Grafana; Bitnami
17 April 2019, MSDynamicsWorld.com

'Secret' Azure Cloud Advances as JEDI Looms
18 April 2019, EnterpriseAI

provided by Google News

Oracle splats 300 vulns in MySQL, Database, Fusion, etc, pours fresh brew of Java SE terms
16 April 2019, The Register

Oracle Management Software Supplier Adds Security Patching for MySQL and SQL Server
16 April 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Using Ethereum Logic Apps to push ledger data into to a MySQL or PostgreSQL database - Microsoft
25 March 2019, Channel 9

Top 10 Database Diagram Tools for MySQL
2 April 2019, Database Journal

Oracle Squashes 53 Critical Vulnerabilities in April Security Update
17 April 2019, Threatpost

provided by Google News

Building a scalable PostgreSQL solution
14 April 2019, Packt Hub

PostgreSQL security: a quick look at authentication best practices [Tutorial]
12 April 2019, Packt Hub

"Feature" of PostgreSQL 9.3 could enable hackers to execute code; affects Mac, Windows, Linux
1 April 2019, SC Magazine UK

Using Ethereum Logic Apps to push ledger data into to a MySQL or PostgreSQL database - Microsoft
25 March 2019, Channel 9

Crunchy Data Collaborates With Center for Internet Security® To Continue Advancing PostgreSQL Security For Enterprise
1 April 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Data Engineer
Southern Poverty Law Center, Alabama

Azure Data Platform Architect
Rightpoint, Chicago, IL

Solution Architect - Data & Analytics
Neudesic LLC, New York, NY

Systems Integration Data Analyst
G4 Global Partners, Houston, TX

Solution Architect - Data & Analytics
Neudesic LLC, Tempe, AZ

Database Administrator (DBA)
DarkMatter, Arizona

AWS Oracle Database Administrator
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

Database Administrator
NextGen Healthcare, Horsham, PA

Database Administrator
NBCUniversal, Universal City, CA

Junior Database Administrator – PostgreSQL
BMC Software, Texas

Data Analyst - Houston, TX
Shell, Houston, TX

Data Infrastructure Engineer
Heetch, Indiana

MySQL Database Administrator
Piper Companies, Raleigh, NC

Entry Level Java Developer
CGI, Lafayette, LA

Data Warehouse Engineer
Bethesda Game Studios - Austin, Austin, TX

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your step-by-step guide comparing RDBMS to graph databases, including data models, query languages, and deployment strategies.

Redis logo

Start now with Redis Cloud
Secure, highly available Redis as a serverless, hosted, fully managed cloud service.
Sign up here.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Present your product here