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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MySQL vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MySQL vs. Oracle

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document storeDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score27.62
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score1266.28
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score1336.07
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.mysql.comwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasedev.mysql.com/­docdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOracle
Initial release201019951980
Current releaseV128.0.18, October 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++C and C++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeyesyesyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLyes infoproprietary syntaxPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabrichorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMySQLOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
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Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMySQLOracle
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Recent citations in the news

Mark Russinovich on Azure SQL Database Edge, Hyperscale and beyond - Microsoft
31 October 2019, Channel 9

Microsoft debuts Azure Synapse Analytics, updates database offerings
4 November 2019, VentureBeat

Get to know Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB use cases
12 November 2019, TechTarget

Microsoft Ignite postmortem: Cutting through the complexity
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provided by Google News

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DBmaestro Brings Database Release Automation to MySQL, MariaDB, and Amazon RDS
30 October 2019, Database Trends and Applications

Using Five Types of JOIN in MySQL
21 October 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

What A Free Oracle Database Means To These 4 Developers
28 October 2019, Forbes

IBM and Oracle are so far behind in the cloud, they might stop trying to compete with Amazon altogether and go a different route, analyst says
12 November 2019, Business Insider

Amazon kisses last Oracle database goodbye, completes years-long migration
15 October 2019, CIO Dive

Software’s Accelerating Data Needs May Benefit From Intel’s High-Optane Push
12 November 2019, Forbes

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