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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MySQL

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft Azure SQL Database and MySQL with PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL Server and Amazon Aurora.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score85.33
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score1202.10
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release20101995
Current releaseV128.0.29, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMySQL
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Recent citations in the news

Manage Red Hat workloads seamlessly on Azure | Azure Blog and Updates
10 May 2022, Microsoft

SQL Server in Azure database choices and what they offer users
29 July 2019, TechTarget

How Microsoft made Azure SQL more available by making recovery faster
2 February 2022, TechRepublic

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

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17 May 2022, SitePoint

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25 April 2022, SiliconANGLE News

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11 May 2022, TechCrunch

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