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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MongoDB vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. MongoDB vs. YugabyteDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOne of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire and feature compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelRelational DBMSDocument storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score79.72
Rank#15  Overall
#10  Relational DBMS
Score493.55
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score1.22
Rank#158  Overall
#77  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.mongodb.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.mongodb.com/­manualdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperMicrosoftMongoDB, IncYugabyte Inc.
Initial release201020092017
Current releaseV125.0, July 20212.6, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MongoDB Atlas: Global multi-cloud database with unmatched data distribution and mobility across AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, built-in automation for resource and workload optimization, and so much more.
  • ScaleGrid for MongoDB: Fully managed hosting for MongoDB database on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Yugabyte Cloud is the fully managed database-as-a-service offering of YugabyteDB. Get started quickly, and effortlessly ensure continuous availability and limitless scale of your cloud native applications.
Implementation languageC++C++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.depending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BIyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol using JSONJDBC
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
YSQL - a fully relational SQL API that is wire compatible with the SQL language in PostgreSQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLJavaScriptyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersyesyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Hash and Range Sharding, row-level geo-partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
Based on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Strong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2no
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMongoDBYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsMongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
YugabyteDB is an open source distributed SQL database for cloud native transactional...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
PostgreSQL compatible: Get instantly productive with a PostgreSQL compatible RDBMS....
» more
Typical application scenariosInternet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Systems of record and engagement for cloud native applications that require resilience,...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics175 million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
900,000+ lifetime clusters deployed 5.5K+ GitHub stars 4.3K+ YugabyteDB Community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
Apache 2.0 license for the database
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMongoDBYugabyteDB
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL moves up one rank at the expense of MongoDB
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Conferences and events

MongoDB & Google Cloud Developer Summit
Virtual Event, 28 October 2021

MongoDB.Local London
London, 9 November 2021

Finished events

Introduction to MongoDB
Webinar, on demand, 27 July 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

How to find the right Azure SQL SKU for your SQL workloads - Microsoft
30 September 2021, Channel 9

That One Easy Trick for SQL Server Performance
28 September 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

Setup Azure SQL Database to use with Azure Static Web Apps [Bonus] | Azure Tips and Tricks: Static Web Apps - Microsoft
25 June 2021, Channel 9

provided by Google News

How MongoDB Beat Amazon
8 October 2021, The Motley Fool

MongoDB Joins LOT Network To Protect Open Innovation For Developers
19 October 2021, PRNewswire

How to Create Documents in MongoDB
13 October 2021, MakeUseOf

How Atlas Is Driving MongoDB's Growth
7 October 2021, Motley Fool

MongoDB to redeem all of its outstanding convertible senior notes due 2024
1 October 2021, Seeking Alpha

provided by Google News

Yugabyte Cloud: a Managed Distributed SQL Database
6 October 2021, InfoQ.com

Yugabyte Fires Up New DBaaS Targeting Cloud Application Development
24 September 2021, CRN

Yugabyte CTO outlines a PostgreSQL path to distributed cloud
26 July 2021, VentureBeat

Yugabyte Launches Cloud Database-As-A-Service
20 September 2021, Forbes

Yugabyte Delivers Effortless Distributed SQL With Cloud Database-as-a-Service
21 September 2021, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Advisor Azure SQL Database Administrator (DBA)
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SQL Server Database Developer
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Program Manager
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QA Engineer with MongoDB (Remote)
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MongoDB _ Remote (Till Covid)
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Backend Developer (Python/MongoDB)
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Control Platform Systems Engineer
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Data Scientist
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Database SRE
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