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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TempoIQ vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog vs. TempoIQ vs. Vertica

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)Columnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score86.32
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score19.90
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.stardog.comtempoiq.com (offline)www.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.stardog.comwww.vertica.com/­docs/­10.0.x/­HTML/­Content/­Home.htm
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftStardog-UnionTempoIQVertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release20101989201020122005
Current releaseV12SQL Server 2019, November 20197.3.0, May 2020Vertica 10.0 Software, May 2020
Vertica for SQL on Hadoop 10.0 Software, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyesno infoAvailable on all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-freeyes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infoImport/export of XML data possiblenoyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialno infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Servernoyes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javanoyes
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlersyes infoRealtime Alertsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnoneSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterMulti-source replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolessimple authentication-based access controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft SQL ServerStardogTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Columnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Performance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
Cost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
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DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
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Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
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Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
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More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft SQL ServerStardogTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDBVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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