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DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score83.25
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score954.02
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.93
Rank#123  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release201019892010
Current releaseV12SQL Server 2019, November 20197.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft SQL ServerStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft SQL ServerStardog
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Recent citations in the news

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

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1 July 2021, Channel 9

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6 December 2021, marketscreener.com

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23 November 2021, CRN

Clumio Announces Clumio Protect for Microsoft SQL Server on Amazon EC2, Further Strengthening Ransomware Protection for Mission Critical Applications in AWS
10 November 2021, Yahoo Finance

DH2i and Pythian to Present Live Webinar, "Highly Available SQL Server AGs in Google Kubernetes Engine"
2 December 2021, PRNewswire

Red Hat 8.5 released with SQL Server and .NET 6 ... this is Linux, right?
11 November 2021, The Register

provided by Google News

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