DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the first and only COTS deterministic embedded database management system for mission- and safety-critical hard real-time applicationsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak TS vs. Stardog vs. TempoIQ

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Riak TS vs. Stardog vs. TempoIQ

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonRiak TS  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB  Xexclude from comparison
TempoIQ seems to be decommissioned. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSRiak TS is a distributed NoSQL database optimized for time series data and based on Riak KVEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationScalable analytics DBMS for sensor data, provided as a service (SaaS)
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMSTime Series DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score86.32
Rank#14  Overall
#9  Relational DBMS
Score944.81
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.25
Rank#277  Overall
#23  Time Series DBMS
Score1.89
Rank#124  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverriak.com/­products/­riak-tswww.stardog.comtempoiq.com (offline)
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqldocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.stardog.com
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftBasho TechnologiesStardog-UnionTempoIQ
Initial release20101989201520102012
Current releaseV12SQL Server 2019, November 20197.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Sourcecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++C++ErlangJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyesrestrictedyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLyesyesnoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresTransact SQLTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) JavaJavaScript and Erlanguser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyesyesyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes infovia event handlersyes infoRealtime Alerts
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodestables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, with always 3 replicas availableyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionselectable replication factorMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyesyesno infolinks between datasets can be storedyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and rolessimple authentication-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak TSStardogTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

DBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

Fivetran: Quickly and easily centralize your on-premise and cloud databases.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureMicrosoft SQL ServerRiak TSStardogTempoIQ infoformerly TempoDB
DB-Engines blog posts

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2020
4 January 2021, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Cloud-based DBMS's popularity grows at high rates
12 December 2019, Paul Andlinger

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Data 2022 outlook, part one: Will data clouds get easier? Will streaming get off its own island?
3 January 2022, ZDNet

Microsoft builds distributed ledger for Azure SQL database
26 May 2021, TechTarget

Microsoft's cloud-connected on-prem database: SQL Server 2022 rolls out in private preview
2 November 2021, ZDNet

How To Automate Tasks in Azure SQL Database
22 January 2021, Redmondmag.com

Azure SQL Database Ranked Among Top 3 Databases of 2020
14 January 2021, Visual Studio Magazine

provided by Google News

A Quick Look at SQL Server Numeric Functions
19 December 2019, Database Journal

Discarding Results of a Query Execution in SQL Server Management Studio
28 June 2021, Database Journal

PureCM Supports SQL Server with Current Release of its Version Control Solution
31 July 2010, Database Journal

Domainless Access to MS SQL Server Tutorial
30 December 2021, Security Boulevard

SQL Server 2005 Express Edition - Part 32 - Distributed Service Broker Environment - Conducting Dialogs
10 October 2008, Database Journal

provided by Google News

Basho rolls out open source version of its Riak TS database
5 May 2016, ZDNet

Basho updates Riak TS
11 February 2016, SDTimes.com

Basho open-sources its Riak TS database for the Internet Of Things
5 May 2016, TechCrunch

Is Riak A Good NoSQL Database Option?
1 July 2019, Analytics India Magazine

provided by Google News

TempoIQ Adds Updates to Its IoT PaaS NoCode Platform
10 November 2015, App Developer Magazine

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Technical Support Engineering - Azure SQL Database (PaaS)
Microsoft, Charlotte, NC

Azure SQL Database Administrator
General Motors, Austin, TX

Azure Application Architect
Slalom Consulting, Boise, ID

Data Analyst
Midtronics, Willowbrook, IL

SQL Developer
Tredence, Las Vegas, NV

SQL Server Developer
Spruce, New York, NY

SQL Server Developer
WorkCog, Remote

SQL Developer
Khoj Information Technology, Inc., Remote

SQL DBA
GBTI Solutions, Inc., Remote

SQL Server DBA
1Point Solutions, Las Vegas, NV

jobs by Indeed



Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 80GB free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

The modern database for enterprise applications. Build fast. Scale Big. Save more.
Get started today.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here