DBMS > Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage
System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Microsoft Azure Table Storage
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Microsoft Azure SQL Database formerly SQL Azure Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics previously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse Xexclude from comparison||Microsoft Azure Table Storage Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL Server||Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server||A Wide Column Store for rapid development using massive semi-structured datasets|
|Primary database model||Relational DBMS||Relational DBMS||Wide column store|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|License Commercial or Open Source||commercial||commercial||commercial|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||yes||yes||yes|
|DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) Database as a Service|
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|Server operating systems||hosted||hosted||hosted|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||yes||no||no|
|SQL Support of SQL||yes||yes||no|
|APIs and other access methods||ADO.NET|
|RESTful HTTP API|
|Supported programming languages||.Net|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||Transact SQL||Transact SQL||no|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||Sharding, horizontal partitioning||Sharding Implicit feature of the cloud service|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||yes, with always 3 replicas available||yes||yes implicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no||no||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||yes||no docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/synapse-analytics/sql-data-warehouse/sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints||no|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||ACID||ACID||optimistic locking|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||yes||yes||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard||yes||Access rights based on private key authentication or shared access signatures|
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|Microsoft Azure SQL Database formerly SQL Azure||Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics previously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse||Microsoft Azure Table Storage|
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