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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Search vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Search vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Search  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionSearch-as-a-service for web and mobile app developmentDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelSearch engineRelational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.95
Rank#52  Overall
#6  Search engines
Score27.54
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score48.22
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.72
Rank#173  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­searchazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­searchdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databaseneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release2015201020072010
Current releaseV1V123.5.8, July 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQLyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyes, with always 3 replicas availableCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infousing Azure authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure SearchMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsNeo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesNeo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosReal-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – NODES 2019 Preview: Knowledge Graphs, Building a SurveyMonkey Clone, Sentiment Analysis with Neo4j and GCP
21 September 2019

SQL Server Advocate Turns Graph: 5-Minute Interview with Dee Pandian
20 September 2019

Connecting our Community with NODES 2019 Viewing Parties!
19 September 2019

How Graphs Enhance Artificial Intelligence
18 September 2019

NODES 2019: Announcing 52 Online Talks from Leading Graph Experts
17 September 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure SearchMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4jStardog
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Knowledge mining using the knowledge store feature of Azure Search - Microsoft
17 September 2019, Channel 9

Cognitive Search - Azure Search with AI | Azure Friday - Microsoft
6 September 2019, Channel 9

Parabole search analytics product moves to Azure Marketplace
26 August 2019, TechTarget

Using Ethereum Logic Apps to publish ledger data to Azure Search - Microsoft
15 April 2019, Channel 9

Unlocking insights from documents with Form Recognizer
6 September 2019, IDM.net.au

provided by Google News

How to switch an existing Azure SQL Database to Hyperscale - Microsoft
19 September 2019, Channel 9

It's just SQL: Restoring a database to Azure SQL DB from backup - Microsoft
12 September 2019, Channel 9

Implementing SQL Server Integration Services with Azure Data Factory
16 September 2019, Database Journal

Microsoft to improve Azure networking with private links to multi-tenant services
18 September 2019, The Register

Microsoft Previews Azure Private Link for Service Connections
18 September 2019, Redmondmag.com

provided by Google News

In love with the graph: Neo4j spreads the obsession of a new database one app at a time
13 September 2019, ZDNet

Neo4j Partnership with Digitate Gains Momentum
10 September 2019, PRNewswire

New Query Language for Graph Databases to Become International Standard
17 September 2019, PRNewswire

GQL (Graph Query Language) joins SQL as a Global Standards Project and is now the international standard declarative query language for graphs
19 September 2019, Packt Hub

Enriching text analytics with graph databases
6 September 2019, KMWorld Magazine

provided by Google News

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