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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Teradata

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Teradata

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft Azure Data Explorer and Teradata with Amazon Redshift, Microsoft SQL Server and Snowflake.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonTeradata  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFully managed big data interactive analytics platformA hybrid cloud data analytics software platform (Teradata Vantage)
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.34
Rank#59  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score70.41
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.teradata.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.teradata.com
DeveloperMicrosoftTeradata
Initial release20191984
Current releasecloud service with continuous releasesTeradata Vantage 1.0 MU2, January 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhosted
Linux
Data schemeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesall fields are automatically indexedyes infoJoin-index to prejoin tables, aggregate index, sparse index, hash index
SQL infoSupport of SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes infoSQL 2016 + extensions
APIs and other access methodsMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
.NET Client API
HTTP REST
JDBC
JMS Adapter
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C
C++
Cobol
Java (JDBC-ODBC)
Perl
PL/1
Python
R
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Ryes infoUDFs, stored procedures, table functions in parallel
Triggersyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding infoHashing
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerTeradata
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
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Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
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Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
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Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, B├╝hler, Ecolab, Zoomd
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Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
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Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
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Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerTeradata
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