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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Solr

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Our visitors often compare Microsoft Azure Data Explorer and Solr with Elasticsearch, Microsoft SQL Server and OpenSearch.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFully managed big data interactive analytics platformA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.47
Rank#66  Overall
#35  Relational DBMS
Score45.88
Rank#24  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerlucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperMicrosoftApache Software Foundation
Initial release20192006
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases9.1.1, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesall fields are automatically indexedyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RJava plugins
Triggersyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsSpark connector (open source): github.com/­Azure/­azure-kusto-sparkspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanooptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSolr
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSolr
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