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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. STSdb vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. STSdb vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonSTSdb  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFully managed big data interactive analytics platformKey-Value Store with special method for indexing infooptimized for high performance using a special indexing methodColumnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedKey-value storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score6.59
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.05
Rank#321  Overall
#49  Key-value stores
Score19.90
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorergithub.com/­STSSoft/­STSdb4www.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerwww.vertica.com/­docs/­10.0.x/­HTML/­Content/­Home.htm
DeveloperMicrosoftSTS Soft SCVertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release201920112005
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases4.0.8, September 2015Vertica 10.0 Software, May 2020
Vertica for SQL on Hadoop 10.0 Software, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoGPLv2, commercial license availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono infoAvailable on all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC#
Server operating systemshostedWindowsLinux
Data schemeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesyes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyes infoprimitive types and user defined types (classes)yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesall fields are automatically indexednono infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetnoyes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
.NET Client APIADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C#
Java
C++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rnoyes
Triggersyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.noneMulti-source replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSTSdbVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Columnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Performance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Communication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, B├╝hler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Abiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSTSdbVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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