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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. SQL.JS vs. SQLite vs. Stardog vs. Titan

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. SQL.JS vs. SQLite vs. Stardog vs. Titan

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonSQL.JS  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTitan  Xexclude from comparison
Titan has been decommisioned after the takeover by Datastax. It will be removed from the DB-Engines ranking. A fork has been open-sourced as JanusGraph.
DescriptionFully managed big data interactive analytics platformPort of SQLite to JavaScriptWidely used embeddable, in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationTitan is a Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters.
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.30
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score0.96
Rank#177  Overall
#85  Relational DBMS
Score138.87
Rank#10  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Score1.66
Rank#138  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorersql.js.orgwww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.comtitan.thinkaurelius.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorersql.js.org/­documentation/­index.htmlwww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmldocs.stardog.comgithub.com/­thinkaurelius/­titan/­wiki
DeveloperMicrosoftAlon Zakai infoenhancements implemented by othersDwayne Richard HippStardog-UnionAurelius, owned by DataStax
Initial release20192012200020102012
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases3.39.1  (13 July 2022), July 20227.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen SourceOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache license, version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaScriptCJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)server-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesyes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesall fields are automatically indexedyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
JavaScript APIADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
JavaScriptActionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rnonouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes
Triggersyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynoyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenonenoneyes infovia pluggable storage backends
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.nonenoneMulti-source replication in HA-Clusteryes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
noneImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes infoRelationships in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infovia file-system locksyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesno infoexcept by serializing a db to a fileyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory AuthenticationnonoAccess rights for users and rolesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSQL.JSSQLiteStardogTitan
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
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Stardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Bosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more
You can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» more

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerSQL.JSSQLiteStardogTitan
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