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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. mSQL vs. Redis vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. mSQL vs. Redis vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonmSQL infoMini SQL  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFully managed big data interactive analytics platformmSQL (Mini SQL) is a simple and lightweight RDBMSPopular in-memory data platform used as a cache, message broker, and database that can be deployed on-premises, across clouds, and hybrid environments infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store infowith RedisJSON
Graph DBMS infowith RedisGraph
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infowith RediSearch
Time Series DBMS infowith RedisTimeSeries
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.30
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score1.74
Rank#132  Overall
#65  Relational DBMS
Score176.39
Rank#6  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#91  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerhughestech.com.au/­products/­msqlredis.com
redis.io
vaticle.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerdocs.redis.com/­latest/­index.html
redis.io/­documentation
docs.vaticle.com
Social network pagesTwitterLinkedInFacebookYouTubeDiscord
DeveloperMicrosoftHughes TechnologiesRedis project core team, inspired by Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Inc.Vaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release2019199420092016
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases4.4, October 20217.0.3, July 20222.11.0, June 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree licenses can be providedOpen Source infosource-available extensions (modules), commercial licenses for Redis EnterpriseOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCCJava
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono
Secondary indexesall fields are automatically indexedyesyes infowith RediSearch moduleyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetA subset of ANSI SQL is implemented infono subqueries, aggregate functions, views, foreign keys, triggersnono
APIs and other access methodsMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolgRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C
C++
Delphi
Java
Perl
PHP
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RnoLua; Redis Functions coming in Redis 7 (slides and Github)no
Triggersyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynopublish/subscribe channels provide some trigger functionality; RedisGearsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenoneSharding infoAutomatic hash-based sharding with support for hash-tags for manual shardingSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.noneMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonothrough RedisGearsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
noneEventual Consistency
Causal consistency can be enabled in Active-Active databases
Strong consistency with Redis Raft
Strong eventual consistency with Active-Active
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoAtomic execution of command blocks and scripts and optimistic lockingACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesnoyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory AuthenticationnoAccess Control Lists (ACLs): redis.io/­topics/­acl
LDAP and Role-Based Access Control (RBAC) for Redis Enterprise
Mutual TLS authentication: redis.io/­topics/­encryption
Password-based authentication
yes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorermSQL infoMini SQLRedisTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
The Redis real-time data platform builds upon the unmatched simplicity and speed...
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Redis Enterprise is a robust in-memory database platform built by the people who...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Redis Enterprise is used by large enterprise, startup, and government organizations...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Most launched Docker container per day according to Docker Hub (7.2M launches per...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more
Redis Enterprise Cloud lets users scale up and down instantly, and pay only for the...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorermSQL infoMini SQLRedisTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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