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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFully managed big data interactive analytics platformWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.00
Rank#113  Overall
#55  Relational DBMS
Score491.07
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score5.43
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release20191989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1992
Current release12.0, October 201917, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • EDB Postgres Cloud Database Service: Postgres cloud database service on AWS with Superuser Access, Unlimited Extensions, Higher Scalability, More Tuning Power and Oracle Compatibility. Try free!
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresYes. Languages: KQL, Python, Ruser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
TriggersTable-level update policy rules can be used to automatically run a query and ingest its results when data is ingested into another table.yesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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Recent citations in the news

Microsoft announces security, identity, management, and compliance updates across Azure and Office
4 November 2019, VentureBeat

Fastly, Microsoft partner on real-time analytics with Azure Data Explorer
29 January 2019, ZDNet

Azure Data Explorer for IoT Data Analytics | Internet of Things Show - Microsoft
2 September 2019, Channel 9

An overview of Azure Data Explorer (ADX) - Microsoft
7 February 2019, Channel 9

How to use Azure Data Explorer for big data analysis
12 February 2019, InfoWorld

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Crunchy Data And ORock Technologies Partnership Brings Trusted Open Source Cloud Native PostgreSQL To Federal Government
12 November 2019, PRNewswire

Introducing PostgREST, a REST API for any PostgreSQL database written in Haskell
4 November 2019, Packt Hub

PostgreSQL 12 boosts open source database performance
14 October 2019, TechTarget

Greenplum 6 review: Jack of all trades, master of some
7 November 2019, InfoWorld

We're free in 3... 2... 1! Amazon unhooks its last Oracle database, nothing breaks and life goes on
16 October 2019, The Register

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SAP gives SQL Anywhere a new IoT injection
16 July 2015, Computerworld

What is SAP SQL Anywhere? - Definition from WhatIs.com
13 October 2016, TechTarget

SAP BAPI (Business Application Programming Interface)
2 April 2018, TechTarget

SAP IoT products: How do they work with ERP and big data?
28 December 2015, TechTarget

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21 August 2017, TechRepublic

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