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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. OrientDB vs. Qdrant vs. Stardog vs. VictoriaMetrics

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. OrientDB vs. Qdrant vs. Stardog vs. VictoriaMetrics

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparisonQdrant  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonVictoriaMetrics  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFully managed big data interactive analytics platformMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)A vector similarity Search Engine with neural network or semantic based matchingEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationA fast, cost-effective and scalable Time Series DBMS and monitoring solution
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Search engineGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score7.30
Rank#60  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score5.21
Rank#78  Overall
#15  Document stores
#5  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Score0.09
Rank#323  Overall
#21  Search engines
Score1.66
Rank#138  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.76
Rank#205  Overall
#15  Time Series DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerorientdb.orggithub.com/­qdrant/­qdrant
qdrant.tech
www.stardog.comvictoriametrics.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerwww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.htmlqdrant.tech/­documentationdocs.stardog.comdocs.victoriametrics.com
github.com/­VictoriaMetrics/­VictoriaMetrics/­wiki
DeveloperMicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAPQdrantStardog-UnionVictoriaMetrics
Initial release20192010202120102018
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases3.1.9, February 20217.3.0, May 2020v1.77, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaRustJavaGo
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)DockerLinux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
OpenBSD
Data schemeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)schema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")schema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesnonono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesall fields are automatically indexedyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetSQL-like query language, no joinsnoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serverno
APIs and other access methodsMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API infoOpenAPI 3.0GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Graphite protocol
InfluxDB Line Protocol
OpenTSDB
Prometheus Query API
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Python.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, RJava, Javascriptuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyHooksyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Multi-source replicationMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterSynchronous replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono infocould be achieved with distributed queriesnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency in HA-ClusterEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes inforelationship in graphsyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory AuthenticationAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurableAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerOrientDBQdrantStardogVictoriaMetrics
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
High performance, horizontally scalable time series database and monitoring solution...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Specifically designed for highly loaded workloads Addresses most of the scalability...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Supply chain optimization Operational Risk Digital...
» more
When the current monitoring solution can't keep up with increasing workload Kubernetes...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Bosch, NASA, Boehringer Ingelheim, Morgan Stanley, Schneider Electric, FINRA and...
» more
Grammarly, Wix.com, adidas, Sensedia, Brandwatch, CERN, COLOPL, Razorpay See our...
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
6k stars and 100+ contributors on GitHub 45M+ downloads Thousands of active users...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more
You can start for free! A fully-featured license is available for those testing Stardog:...
» more
VictoriaMetrics comes in three versions: an open source version, an Enterprise version...
» more

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Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerOrientDBQdrantStardogVictoriaMetrics
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