DB-EnginesExtremeDB for everyone with an RTOSEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. OpenSearch vs. Postgres-XL

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. OpenSearch vs. Postgres-XL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonOpenSearch  Xexclude from comparisonPostgres-XL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFully managed big data interactive analytics platformA distributed, RESTful search and analytics engine forked from Elasticsearch and based on Apache LuceneBased on PostgreSQL enhanced with MPP and write-scale-out cluster features
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Spatial DBMS
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Vector DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score5.82
Rank#65  Overall
#37  Relational DBMS
Score14.72
Rank#40  Overall
#4  Search engines
Score0.56
Rank#253  Overall
#115  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorergithub.com/­opensearch-project
opensearch.org
www.postgres-xl.org
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-exploreropensearch.org/­docs/­latestwww.postgres-xl.org/­documentation
DeveloperMicrosoftAmazon Web Services
Initial release201920212014 infosince 2012, originally named StormDB
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases2.5.0, January 202310 R1, October 2018
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoMozilla public license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Aiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
macOS
Data schemeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)schema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infoXML type, but no XML query functionality
Secondary indexesall fields are automatically indexedyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetSQL-like query languageyes infodistributed, parallel query execution
APIs and other access methodsMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby infoElasticsearch client
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Erlang
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Ryesuser defined functions
Triggersyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicyyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardinghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsSpark connector (open source): github.com/­Azure/­azure-kusto-sparkno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonoACID infoMVCC
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerOpenSearchPostgres-XL
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
OpenSearch is a highly scalable and extensible open-source software suite for search,...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Distributed as fully open source under Apache License, Version 2.0 (ALv2), OpenSearch...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
The OpenSearch platform is used across a broad range of search , analytics, and observability...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more
The OpenSearch Project offers open source software licensed under Apache License...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAiven for OpenSearch: Fully managed open source search and analytics suite. Out-of-the-box integrations get you up and running in a couple of clicks.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerOpenSearchPostgres-XL
Recent citations in the news

Introducing Microsoft Fabric: The data platform for the era of AI | Microsoft Azure Blog
23 May 2023, Microsoft

Providing modern data transfer and storage service at Microsoft with Microsoft Azure - Inside Track Blog
13 July 2023, Microsoft

Data Explorer processes unlabeled visual data, boosting creation of production-ready AI models
19 April 2023, VentureBeat

Azure Data Explorer: Log and telemetry analytics benchmark
16 August 2022, Microsoft

Microsoft Introduces Azure Integration Environments and Business Process Tracking in Public Preview
23 November 2023, InfoQ.com

provided by Google News

Amazon OpenSearch Serverless customers can now control access to VPC endpoints
29 February 2024, AWS Blog

Announcing Terraform support for Amazon OpenSearch Ingestion deployments
28 February 2024, AWS Blog

Introducing Terraform support for Amazon OpenSearch Ingestion
28 February 2024, AWS Blog

Amazon Neptune now supports for Amazon OpenSearch 2.3, 2.5, and Serverless
22 February 2024, AWS Blog

Amazon OpenSearch Serverless now supports TLS 1.3 and perfect forward secrecy
14 February 2024, AWS Blog

provided by Google News

Challenges When Migrating from Oracle to PostgreSQL—and How to Overcome Them | Amazon Web Services
1 February 2018, AWS Blog

5 Takeaways from Big Data Spain 2017 | by Enrique Herreros
5 December 2017, Towards Data Science

provided by Google News



Share this page

Featured Products

Ontotext logo

GraphDB allows you to link diverse data, index it for semantic search and enrich it via text analysis to build big knowledge graphs. Get it free.

Neo4j logo

See for yourself how a graph database can make your life easier.
Use Neo4j online for free.

Milvus logo

The open source vector database for GenAI.
Try Managed Milvus Free

Datastax Astra logo

Bring all your data to Generative AI applications with vector search enabled by the most scalable
vector database available.
Try for Free

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Present your product here