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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Netezza vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Netezza vs. PostgreSQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonNetezza infoAlso called PureData System for Analytics by IBM  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFully managed big data interactive analytics platformData warehouse and analytics appliance part of IBM PureSystemsWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environments
Primary database modelRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score3.71
Rank#83  Overall
#42  Relational DBMS
Score18.65
Rank#33  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score542.29
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score6.79
Rank#54  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerwww.ibm.com/­products/­netezzawww.postgresql.orgwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.html
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manualshelp.sap.com/­sql-anywhere
DeveloperMicrosoftIBMPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerSAP infoformerly Sybase
Initial release201920001989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1992
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases12.4, August 202017, July 2015
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedLinux infoincluded in applianceFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.yes
Secondary indexesall fields are automatically indexedyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsMicrosoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
C
C++
Fortran
Java
Lua
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Ryesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perl
Triggersyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.Source-replica replicationSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication infoDatabase mirroring
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory AuthenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization conceptfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerNetezza infoAlso called PureData System for Analytics by IBMPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Data ExplorerNetezza infoAlso called PureData System for Analytics by IBMPostgreSQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere
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Recent citations in the news

Azure Updates: AI supercomputing; Data Share & Data Explorer; Synapse Analytics; Blob Storage
27 August 2020, MSDynamicsWorld.com

How to share data in place from Azure Data Explorer - Microsoft
20 December 2019, Channel 9

Fastly, Microsoft partner on real-time analytics with Azure Data Explorer
29 January 2019, ZDNet

Azure Updates: Immersive Reader; Blob versioning; IoT Plug and Play; Cost Management
4 September 2020, MSDynamicsWorld.com

How to use Azure Data Explorer for large-scale data analysis
12 February 2019, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Active Data Warehousing Market 2020-2026 Top Manufacturers: Netezza, Kognitio, Sybase, Oracle, Kognitio, Microsoft, Cloudera
25 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

IBM Brings Back a Netezza, Attacks Yellowbrick
29 June 2020, Datanami

Netezza’s Not Dead: It’s Just Ascended
25 June 2020, Computer Business Review

Migrating your Netezza data warehouse to Amazon Redshift
28 May 2020, idk.dev

Snowflake Stock Risks a ‘Violent Selloff.’ Why One Analyst Is Worried.
21 September 2020, Barron's

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2ndQuadrant Contributes Major Features to PostgreSQL 13
24 September 2020, PRNewswire

PostgreSQL 13 Released: Performance Gains, Space Savings, Enhanced Security, Developer Experience
24 September 2020, PR Web

PostgreSQL 13 Released With Performance Improvements
24 September 2020, Phoronix

How Can PostgreSQL, The Most Advanced Open Source Relational Database, Benefit Your Company?
8 September 2020, DC Velocity

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8 September 2020, PRNewswire

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SAP SQL Anywhere
13 October 2016, TechTarget

SAP gives SQL Anywhere a new IoT injection
16 July 2015, Computerworld

Best Database Management Software 2020
14 July 2020, Datamation

Rimini Street expands support beyond SAP and Oracle
9 June 2017, Inside SAP Magazine

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