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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TimesTen vs. TinkerGraph

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. TimesTen vs. TinkerGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparisonTinkerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to OracleA lightweight, in-memory graph engine that serves as a reference implementation of the TinkerPop3 API
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score1.71
Rank#137  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Score0.19
Rank#289  Overall
#23  Graph DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.htmltinkerpop.apache.org/­docs/­current/­reference/­#tinkergraph-gremlin
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperMicrosoftOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release201419982009
Current release11 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesno
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Groovy
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptPL/SQLno
TriggersJavaScriptnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configurationnone
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesno
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpointsoptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBTimesTenTinkerGraph
Recent citations in the news

An Introduction and Tutorial for Azure Cosmos DB
25 February 2022, InfoQ.com

Microsoft fixes cross-account vulns in Azure Database for PostgreSQL service
28 April 2022, The Register

NoSQL Databases Software Market Size And Forecast | MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB – ManufactureLink
28 May 2022, ManufactureLink

Researchers discover critical flaw in Azure Cosmos DB
27 August 2021, TechTarget

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9 May 2022, iProgrammer

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