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DBMS > Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Snowflake vs. Vertica

System Properties Comparison Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Snowflake vs. Vertica

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparisonVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured dataColumnar relational DBMS designed to handle modern analytic workloads, enabling fast query performance
Primary database modelDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMSDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score40.29
Rank#26  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score58.26
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score20.31
Rank#35  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Websiteazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbwww.snowflake.comwww.vertica.com
Technical documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.htmlwww.vertica.com/­docs/­10.0.x/­HTML/­Content/­Home.htm
DeveloperMicrosoftSnowflake Computing Inc.Vertica / Micro Focus infoprior to that Hewlett Packard
Initial release201420142005
Current releaseVertica 10.0 Software, May 2020
Vertica for SQL on Hadoop 10.0 Software, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercialcommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno infoAvailable on all major clouds - Amazon AWS, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
Data schemeschema-freeyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)yes infoUnstructured data can be stored in specific Flex-Tables
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyes infoJSON typesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesyes
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultno infoThe concept of 'projections' can be used instead of indexes.
SQL infoSupport of SQLSQL-like query languageyesyes infonearly full SQL99 without support for indexes and triggers
APIs and other access methodsDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
Kafka
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Perl
Python
R
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJavaScriptuser defined functionsyes
TriggersJavaScriptno infosimilar concept for controling cloud resourcesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesSharding infoSegmentation, Projection Segmentation, Hash Segmentation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceyesMulti-source replication infoCluster level and Object level replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*noyes infowith Vertica Connector for Hadoop
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard; supports Kerberos, LDAP, Ident and hash
More information provided by the system vendor
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSnowflakeVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
Specific characteristicsColumnar storage, MPP, Hybrid storage model, Aggressive data compression, High availability,...
» more
Competitive advantagesPerformance at exabyte scale, Deploy anywhere, Open source innovation, Analysis in...
» more
Typical application scenariosCommunication and network analytics, Embedded analytics, Fraud monitoring and Risk...
» more
Key customersAbiba Systems, Adform, adMarketplace, AmeriPride, Anritsu, AOL, Avito, Auckland Transport,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCost-based models and subscription-based models are available
» more

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More resources
Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBSnowflakeVertica infoVertica Analytics Platform
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